Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for non-violence, civil rights and freedom across the world.
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century.
He was a passionate advocate of education for
's children and
youth, believing it essential for India 's future progress.
His government oversaw the establishment
of many institutions of higher learning, including the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, the Indian Institutes of Technology, the Indian Institutes of Management and the National Institutes of Technology. India